2016 - Revista de Pensamiento Estratégico y Seguridad CISDE, 1 (1).

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Acceso del Daesh al Mercado del Petróleo
Daesh Access to the Crude Oil Markets

Fernando Arranz Gozalo. Ciudad (España).

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Acceso del Daesh al Mercado del Petróleo
Daesh Access to the Crude Oil Markets

Fernando Arranz Gozalo. Ciudad (España).

Resumen/Abstract

Resumen / Abstract


El presente artículo analiza una de las fuentes de financiación que han permitido a la organización terrorista al-Dawla al-Islamiya al-Iraq al-Sham (Daesh) su rápida expansión y capacidad operativa, en concreto su acceso al mercado del petróleo. El Daesh ha sido capaz de utilizar una extensa red de intermediarios que le ha permitido colocar sus activos petrolíferos en los mercados domésticos e internacionales. Se analiza la evolución histórica y el funcionamiento del mercado del petróleo, para estudiar como la situación del mismo afecta a los ingresos de la organización. Para estimar los ingresos obtenidos del contrabando de crudo se delimitan las zonas de extracción de petróleo y activos petrolíferos que geográficamente se ubican en territorios controlados por dicha organización, y qué canales de distribución han sido usados. Se ofrecen distintas perspectivas sobre el acceso del petróleo ilegal a los mercados internacionales y el desplazamiento de su oferta hacia los mercados domésticos.

The present article analyzes one of the financing sources that have allowed the terrorist organization al-Dawla al-Islamiya al-Iraq al-Sham (Daesh) its rapid development and operating capacity, particularly its access to the oil market. The terrorist organization has been able to use a wide network of middlemen who enabled them to place their oil assets in domestic and international markets. The historic evolution and functioning of the oil market is analyzed, with the aim of studying how its current situation affects the incomes of the organization. In order to estimate the profits obtained by smuggling petroleum, it will be determined the zones where oil is drilled and the oil assets which are geographically located in the territories controlled by this organization and which channels of distribution were used. Different perspectives are offered about the access of the illegal crude to the international markets and the offer shift to the domestic ones.

Palabras Clave/Keywords

Palabras Clave / Keywords


Financiación del terrorismo, Petróleo, Daesh, Contrabando, Mercado negro, Mercados cautivos, Acción internacional.

Terrorist financing, Crude oil, Daesh, Smuggling, Black market economy, Domestic markets, International action.

Referencias/References

Referencias / References


Brisard, J.C.; Martinez, D. (2014). Islamic State: The Economy-Based Terrorist Funding. Thomson Reuters.

Crane, K. (2016). The Role of Oil in ISIL Finances. The Rand Corporation.

Fattouh, B. (2011). An Anatomy of the Crude Oil Pricing System. The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, Oxford.

Financial Action Task Force (2015). Financing of the Terrorist Organization Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). FATF, Paris.

Horsnell, P.; Mabro, R. (1993). Oil markets and prices: the Brent market and the formation of world oil prices. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Institute for the Study of War. (www.understandingwar.org/)

International Energy Agency (2016). Oil Market Report. (www.oilmarketreport.org)

Iraq Oil Report. (www.iraqoilreport.com/)

Johnson, K. (2014). The Islamic State is the newest petro-state. Foreing Policy News.

Johnston, P. (2014). Countering ISIL´s Financing. The Rand Corporation.

Kiourktsoglou, G.; Coutroubis, A. (2015). Isis export gateway to global crude oil markets. University of Greenwich, London.

Levitt, M. (2014). Terrorist Financing and the Islamic State. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Washington.

Levitt, M. (2015). Countering ISIL Financing a Realistic Assessment. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Washington.

Luciani, G. (2011). The Functioning of the International Oil Markets and its Security Implications. CEPS working document.

Simpson, C. (2015). Why Isis Has All the Money It Needs. Bloomberg Business Week.

Solomon, E.; Chazan, G.; Jones, S. (2015). Isis Inc: how oil fuels the jihadi terrorists. Financial Times.

US Central Command. (www.centcom.mil/)

Woertz, E. (2014). How long will ISIS last economically? Notes Internationals CIDOB.

Cómo citar/How to cite

Cómo citar / How to cite


Arranz, F. (2016). Acceso del Daesh al Mercado del Petróleo. Revista de Pensamiento Estratégico y Seguridad CISDE, 1(1), 50-65.(www.cisdejournal.com)



 

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