Análisis del valor estratégico de las Islas Natuna para China

Javier Gil Pérez


China posee una clara estrategia en el mar del sur de China que pretende, no solo mejorar sus capacidades defensivas, con el objetivo de preservar la China continental, sino, que, sobre todo, persigue, garantizar una amplia zona de seguridad en todo el ámbito del Mar del Sur de China. Para posteriormente avanzar en sus operaciones en el Océano Índico, con el objetivo final, de no solo garantizar el libre tránsito para sus barcos en todo el mar del Sur de China, sino también, y sobre todo, proyectar poder en los Océanos Pacífico y Índico. Por ello, el control sobre las aguas de las Islas Natuna, bajo control indonesio, y reclamadas por China son esenciales en la consecución de dichos objetivos.

Texto completo:



AMTI (2021). Vietnam shores up its spratly defenses. (

Areu, M. (2022). Cuando China mira al Pacífico Sur. Es Global. (

Atriandi, R. (2015). Indonesia’s Natuna Islands: Next Flashpoint in the South China Sea?. RSIS. (

Auslin, M. (2017). The end of the Asian Century. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Auslin, M. (2017). The end of the Asian century: war, stagnation, and the risks to the world´s most dynamic region. New Haven: Yale University press.

Aznar, F. (2021). La rivalidad naval en el Indo Pacífico. (

Barry, B.; Waever, O. (2003). Regions and Powers. The structure of international security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Beech, H. (2016). Just Where Exactly Did China Get the South China Sea Nine-Dash Line From?. Time. (

Behm, A. (2016). The Natuna Islands matter. ASPI Strategist. (

Benar News (2021). Chinese Survey Ship Lingering in Indonesia’s EEZ Poses Dilemma for Jakarta. (

Brzezinski, Z. (2012). Strategic Vision. New York: Basic Books.

Cavas, C. (2016). Powers Jockey for Pacific Island Chain Influence. Defence news. (

Colom, G. (2016). La geopolítica de las bases militares (I). IEEE. (

Cook, D. (2017). A Closer Look at China’s Critical South China Sea Submarine Base The Diplomat. (

Economy, E. (2022). Xi Jinping’s New World Order. Can China Remake the International System?. Foreign Affairs.

Gil, J. (2020). Geopolítica de Asia y el Indo-Pacífico. Madrid: Síntesis.

Global times (2015). China doesn't object to Jakarta claim to Natunas. (

Gotinga, J. C.; Riñoza, J. (2021). Philippines warns against efforts to ‘erase’ landmark ruling on South China sea. Benar News. (

Graham, E. (2016). The Hague Tribunal’s South China Sea Ruling: Empty Provocation or Slow-Burning Influence?. Lowy Institute for International Policy. (

Graham, E. (2022). Assessing the Solomon Islands’ new security agreement with China. IISS. (

Gray, C. (2012). War, Peace and International Relations. An introduction to strategic history. London: Routledge.

Hakwsley, H. (2020). Asian Waters: the struggle over the south china Sea and the Strategy of chinese expansion. New York: Abrams.

Hanping, C. (2020). Jakarta shouldn’t misinterpret Beijing’s restraint. Global Times. (

Haver, Z. (2021). China Passes Law Allowing Coastguard to Use Force Against Foreign Vessels. RFA. (

Haver, Z. (2021). Unmasking China’s Maritime Militia. RFA. (

Hawksley, H. (2017). Lessons of the opium wars. Asia Nikkei. (

Hayton, B. (2014). The South China Sea. The struggle for power in Asia. New Haven: University Press.

Hayton, B. (2019). The Modern Origins of China’s South China Sea Claims: Maps, Misunderstandings, and the Maritime Geobody. Modern China, 45(2), 127-170. doi:10.1177/0097700418771678.

Huang, K. (2021). China’s underwater drones seized in Indonesia expose tech, routes and potential submarine plans. The star. (

Ibáñez, F. (2021). Piratería marítima: estado de la cuestión. Revista de Pensamiento Estratégico y Seguridad CISDE, 6(2), 71-86.

Jennings, R. (2021). China Said to be Installing Missile Base Near Border with Vietnam. (

Jie, J. (2015). Xiangshan Forum debates South China Sea. Global Times. (

Kennedy, A. (2014). China´s search for oil security: A critique. In D. O. Steven, E. Brien & B. Jones, The new politics of strategic resources. Washington: Brookings Institution.

Komeini, Y.; Nurmasari, S.; Fadra (2018). The North Natuna Sea Renamed as Geopolitics of Indonesia in Natuna. Scientific Research Journal (SCIRJ), VI(I), January. (,as%20Geopolitics%20of%20Indonesia%20in%20Natuna).

Le Thu, H. (2021). The COVID-19 Pandemic and Geopolitics in Southeast Asia. ASPI. (

Lin, B.; Garafola, C. L.; McClintock, B.; ... (2022). A New Framework for Understanding and Countering China's Gray Zone Tactics. RAND. (

Llorente, C. (2017). Corea del Norte. La amenaza nuclear constante. Revista de Pensamiento Estratégico y Seguridad CISDE, 2(2), 61-70.

Lun Tian, Y. (2021). China authorises coast guard to fire on foreign vessels if needed. Reuters. (

Manicom, J. (2014). China, Japan, and Maritime order in the east China Sea. Bridging troubled waters. Washington: Georgetown University press.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China (2016). Statement of the Government of the People's Republic of China on China's Territorial Sovereignty and Maritime Rights and Interests in the South China Sea. (

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China (2016). Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China on the Award of 12 July 2016 of the Arbitral Tribunal in the South China Sea Arbitration. (

MOFA (s.f.). The government of the Republic of China (Taiwan) reiterates its claim to sovereignty over the South China Sea and refuses to accept any unilateral action taken by other concerned parties. (

Nathan, A.; Scobell A. (2012). China´s search for security. New York: Columbia University Press.

Niblett, R. (2021). AUKUS reveals much about the new global strategic context. Chathan House. (

Nirmala, R.; Firdaus, A. (2021). Chinese Survey Ship Reenters Indonesian Waters After Week of Retreat. Benar News. (

Ranada, P. (2021). Duterte belittles Hague ruling: 'I'll throw it in waste basket'. Rappler. (

Regencia, T. (2021). Is Duterte squandering The Hague victory to appease Beijing?. Al Jazeera. (

Republika (2020). Nelayan Sulawesi Temukan Drone Diduga Milik China. (

RFA. (2022). China, Solomon islands confirm they have signed security pact. (

Selayang Pandang Kabupaten Natuna, Provinsi Kepulauan Riau (s.f.). Selayang Pandang Kabupaten Natuna, Provinsi Kepulauan Riau. (

Strangio, S. (2020). In the dragon´s shadow. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Sutton, H. (2021). Chinese Survey Ship Caught ‘Running Dark’ Give Clues to Underwater Drone Operations. USNI. (

Tasker, P. (2020). What China wants. Mekong Review. (

Trevithick, J. (2020). Indonesian fisherman caught what appears to be a chinese underwater drone the craft matches an underwater glider that china builds, which is capable of traveling for weeks and over huge distances. The Drive. (


Vaswani, K. (2014). The sleepy island Indonesia is guarding from China. BBC. (

Woro, R. (2022). Indonesia’s land and maritime border disputes with Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam. Strait times. (

Yan, L. (2015). Officials, experts dismiss claims of island militarization. ECNS. (

Zhu, Y. (2020). China imagined. Mekong Review. (

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Revista de Pensamiento Estratégico y Seguridad CISDE

ISSN: 2529-8763